Access and Provenance

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content Note

Box and Folder Listing

A Finding Aid to the

Henry Englander Papers 

Manuscript Collection No. 151

1897-1970 [bulk 1901-1948]. 1.67 Linear ft.


 The Henry Englander Papers were donated to the American Jewish Archives by Mrs. Henry Englander (Esther Straus), Cincinnati, Ohio. Mrs. Henry Englander, by the act of donating the Henry Englander Papers to the American Jewish Archives, assigned the property rights to the American Jewish Archives. All literary rights to material in the collection are retained by the individual authors or their heirs. Questions concerning rights should be addressed to the Executive Director of the American Jewish Archives. The papers are available to researchers in the reading room of the Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives.


Rabbi and biblical and medieval Jewish scholar Henry Englander was born in Hungary on 17 February 1877 to Max and Regina Goldstein Englander. In 1879 his family immigrated to the United States, settling in Cincinnati. In 1901, he received his undergraduate degree from the University of Cincinnati and was ordained a rabbi at Hebrew Union College, then pursuing graduate work at the University of Chicago, and Brown University, receiving his Ph. D. in Semantics from Brown in 1909. Englander served as a rabbi in Ligonier, Indiana at Ahavath Sholom Temple from 1901-1905; he was also the rabbi of Temple Beth El in Providence, Rhode Island, and a lecturer in the Bible Department while he studied at Brown. In1910 he returned to HUC to serve on the faculty, and held the positions of registrar and student advisor. He retired in 1941.

Englander served as associate editor of the Jewish Conservator in Chicago (1904-1905) and chairman of the Committee on Adult Education of the Committee on Jewish Education. He was a member of the Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis, the Central Conference of American Rabbis, and other organizations. He was also the author of many publications in the field of Biblical Exegesis, including The Exodus in the Bible, The Men of the Great Synagogue, and Rashi’s View of the Weak Roots.

Englander married Esther Straus in 1912. They had one daughter, Regine, who died at the age of 11 in 1932. Englander died in Cincinnati on 9 April 1951.

Related AJA Collections

Henry Englander Nearprint Biography File
PC-1121 – Henry Englander Photograph File


 The Henry Englander Papers consist of correspondence, sermons and addresses, newsclippings, and miscellaneous materials dealing with Englander's activities as a rabbi, his writings, and his work with the Central Conference of American Rabbis, the Union of American Hebrew Congregations-Commission on Jewish Education, and Hebrew Union College. The collection has been arranged into three (3) series:


Box Folder	Contents

Series A. Correspondence.  1902-1948, undated.
1	1	General.  1902-1948.
	2	Ezekiel, E. Moses.  1923-1937.  
	3	Hebrew Union College [20th and 25th Anniv.; Retirement].  1930-1942.  
	4	Providence, R.I. - Temple Beth El.  1906-1911, undated.
	5	Family correspondence.  1917-1932.  
Series B.  Writings/Sermons.  1897-1943, undated.
	6	A.  1905-1907.
	7	B-C.  1905-1909, 1934, undated.
	8	"A Commentary on Rashi's Grammatical Comments".  undated.
	9	"The Commentary of R. David Kimhi on the Book of Joel".  undated.
	10	"The Commentary of R. David Kimhi on the Book of Micah" trans. from Hebrew.  undated.
	11	D-E.  1905-1911, undated.
	12	F-G.  1905-1910, undated.
2	1	H-Im.  1901-1909.
	2	In-Iz.  1905-1910, undated.
	3	"The Influence of the Exodus in the Old Testament".  	1907.
	4	J.  1901-1910, undated.
	5	K-L.  1901-1909, 1923, undated.
	6	Isaac Leeser Articles and Correspondence about Leeser.  1901, 1919, 1930, 1933, undated.
	7	M-New Year's Eve.  1905-1910, 1929-1930, undated.
	8	Micah, 1-5. A Critical Study of the Text.  undated.
	9	New Year's Morning-Nu.  1905-1909, 1924.
	10	O-Po.  1905-1909, undated.
3	1	Pr-Pu.  1899-1910.
	2	Q-R.  1905-1910, 1940, undated.
	3	"Rashi As A Lexicographer".  undated.
	4	"Rashi's View of the Weak" [Manuscript and correspondence].  1930, 1938-1943, undated.
	5	Sa-So.  1905-1909, undated.
	6	Sp-Sy, Writings.  1901-1909, 1919, undated.
	7	T.  1905-1909, 1916, undated.
	8	U-W.  1908-1909, undated.
	9	Y.  1906-1909.
4	1	Eulogies.  1902-1905, 1932, undated.
	2	Liturgy and Prayers.  1897-1911, 1923, undated.
	3	Untitled sermons and miscellaneous writings.  undated.
Series C. Personal and Miscellaneous.  1897-1970, undated.
	4	Clippings.  1901-1910, 1935.
	5	Honors and Memorials.  1935-1955.  
	6	Marriage Certificates [performed by Englander].  1923-1938.
	7	Personal Miscellaneous [includes information on Esther Englander].  1897-1970, undated.  
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