| Access and
A Finding Aid to the
Henry Berkowitz Papers
Manuscript Collection No. 25
1881-1936. 2.8 Linear ft.
ACCESS AND PROVENANCE
The Henry Berkowitz Papers were donated by Max E. Berkowitz, the son of Henry Berkowitz, in the period 1953 through 1957. Additional material was donated by Irving Levitas, Director of Education, Congregation B'nai Jehudah, Kansas City, Missouri, 1957. In 2001 additional material was donated by Ruth Lembeck, granddaughter of Henry Berkowitz. The Henry Berkowitz Papers are open to all users and available in the reading room of the American Jewish Archives. Literary rights have not been dedicated to the public. Any questions concerning literary or copyrights should be addressed to the Administrative Director of the American Jewish Archives.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH top
Henry Berkowitz, a Reform rabbi and educator, was born March 18, 1857 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Louis and Henrietta (Jaroslawski) Berkowitz. Berkowitz was educated in the public schools of Pittsburgh and graduated from the Central High School in 1872. He attended Cornell University for one year intending to become a lawyer. His career plans changed abruptly after hearing a sermon by Isaac M. Wise, who was pleading for the establishment of a training college for Reform rabbis. Berkowitz decided to become a Reform rabbi at the new Hebrew Union College. At the same time, he matriculated at the University of Cincinnati. He graduated in 1883 among the first graduating class of the Hebrew Union College. In 1887 he received the D.D. degree from the same institution.
His first congregation was in Mobile, Alabama at Congregation Sha'are Shomayim where he served from 1883 to 1888. In 1888 he was called to the pulpit of Congregation B'nai Jehudah'in Kansas City, Missouri. He moved to his third and last pulpit in 1892 when he accepted the call to the Rodeph Sholem Congregation of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He served as rabbi at Temple Rodeph Sholem for thirty years until ill health compelled his retirement two years before his death.
Rabbi Berkowitz was active in promoting the safety and welfare of the communities in which he lived. In Mobile, Alabama he organized a society called The Humane Movement for the Protection of Children and Animals from Cruelty. In Kansas City he was chiefly instrumental in the creation of the first bureau of charities and corrections and represented the state of Missouri at meetings of the National Conference of Charities and Corrections. In Philadelphia he helped in the establishment of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies (1901) and the Philadelphia Rabbinical Association (1901). He was a member of the Vice Commission, a member of the Board of Recreation, and a vice-president of the Universal Peace Union and Social Purity Alliance.
Berkowitz made his chief contribution to Jewish institutional and educational activity in the United States when he founded the Jewish Chautauqua Society in 1893. He served as chancellor of the society from the date of its foundation. He was also a charter member of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, (CCAR) when that organization was founded in 1889. He functioned as chairman of the Committee to draft a formula for the reception of proselytes and the committee on arbitration to adjust differences between congregations and rabbis
He published many works including textbooks. Bible Ethics, First Union Hebrew Reader, and Second Hebrew Reader were written in collaboration with Joseph Krauskopf in 1883. Other published works were Judaism on the Social Question (1888); The Open Bible (1896); Kiddush or Sabbath Sentiment in the Home(1898); The New Education in Religion (1913); and Intimate Glimpses of the Rabbi's Career (1921).
In 1883 he married Flora Brunn of Coshocton, Ohio. They had two children Etta J. Reefer and Max E. Berkowitz. Henry Berkowitz died on February 7, 1924.
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE top
The HENRY BERKOWITZ PAPERS (1878-1923) document the career of the Reform rabbi and educator, Henry Berkowitz. The collection consists of correspondence, addresses, sermons, reports, notes, poems, newsclippings, and other papers. The Papers are organized into four series:
A. CORRESPONDENCE B. JOURNALS AND DIARIES B. SERMONS, ADDRESSES, AND NOTES C. NEARPRINT D. MISCELLANEOUS.
SERIES A. Correspondence (1883-1936) is arranged alphabetically and then chronologically within each folder with two sub-series one of which is entitled Family Correspondence, which contains correspondence of the immediate family members of Henry Berkowitz. Access to many of the more significant correspondents and subjects may be made through the use of the Box and Folder List and the Subject Tracings in this inventory. The bulk of the correspondence deals with the period around 1919. Most of the material concerns the establishment of a Jewish State in Palestine and the campaign to influence the Paris Peace Conference (1919). Berkowitz opposed the Zionist viewpoint.
SERIES B. Journals and Diaries, (1881-1914) is arranged chronologically. Berkowitz was an avid writer and wrote very vivid and detailed accounts of his travels. Later he turned his letters into journals including pictures and postcards he had collected during his trip.
SERIES C. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes, (1878-1923) is arranged alphabetically with notes relating to the sermons and addresses appearing at the end of the series. An alphabetical listing of the sermons and addresses appears in the Appendix at the end of the inventory. Also included in this series are prayers. Some of the notes were originally foldered under a specific subject; this system has been retained.
SERIES D. Nearprint, consists of three folders of news clippings, pamphlets, and articles. These materials have not been arranged.
SERIES E. Miscellaneous, is arranged alphabetically and consists of materials relating to Henry Berkowitzs schooling. Included in this series are letters of recommendation, certificates of examination for entering the University of Cincinnati and miscellaneous school papers. Also maintained in this series are conversion and miscellaneous certificates, bibliographical material, miscellaneous Rodelph Shalom materials including a scrapbook of congratulations for his 25th year as Rabbi at Rodelph Shalom. Berkowitzs original 1887 D.D. degree is also part of this series.
BOX AND FOLDER LIST topBox Folder Contents Series A. CORRESPONDENCE. Scope Notes: Papers are arranged alphabetically by the name of the correspondent. Sub-Series 1. General Correspondence. 1 1 A, General. Correspondence. 2 Abrahams, Israel. Correspondence. 1919-1923. 3 B, General. Correspondence. 4 Berkowitz, Henry J. Correspondence. 1921-1923. 5 C, General. Correspondence. 6 D, General. Correspondence. 7 E, General. Correspondence. 8 F, General. Correspondence. 9 Franklin, Leo M. Correspondence. 1898-1919. 10 Freidberg, J. Walter. Correspondence. February-April. 1919. 11 G, General. Correspondence. 12 Goldberg, Jeannette Miriam. Correspondence. 1921-1923. 13 H, General. Correspondence. 14 I, J, General. Correspondence. 15 Jastrow, Morris. Correspondence. January-May. 1919. 16 K, General. Correspondence. 17 Kahn, Julius. Correspondence. January-March. 1919. 18 Kohler, Kaufmann. Correspondence. 1892; 1917-1922. 19 L, General. Correspondence. 20 Landman, Isaac. Correspondence. 1919-1923. 21 Lubin, David. Correspondence. May-September. 1917. 22 Lyons, Alexander. Correspondence. 1919. 23 M, General. Correspondence. 24 Morgenthau, Henry. Correspondence. January-March. 1919. 25 N, O, General. Correspondence. 26 P, General. Correspondence. 27 Philipson, David. Correspondence. 1919-1923. 28 R, General. Correspondence. 29 Rosenau, William. Correspondence. 1898-1923. 30 S, General. Correspondence. 31 Senior, Max. Correspondence. 1910-1921. 32 Smith, Thomas B. Correspondence. 1916-1918. 33 Stolz, Joseph. Correspondence. 1883-1935. 34 T, V, General. Correspondence. 35 W, General. Correspondence. 36 Wise, Stephen S. Correspondence. 1918-1922. 37 Z, General Correspondence. 38 Zepin, George. Correspondence. 1918-1923. 39 Unidentified and Miscellaneous. Correspondence. Sub-Series 2. Family Correspondence. 2 1 Berkowitz, Etta. Correspondence. 1905, 1910. n.d. 2 Berkowitz, Flora. Correspondence while in Europe. 1910. 3 Berkowitz, Henry. Correspondence to Family. 1892-1914. 4 Berkowitz, Henry. Correspondence to Family. n.d. 5 Berkowitz, Max. Correspondence. 1907-1932, n.d. 6 Correspondence in German. 1883-1936, n.d. Series B. JOURNALS AND DIARIES. Scope Note: Papers are arranged chronologically. 2 7 Journal. 1881. 8 Journal of trip to England, Scotland, Paris and Germany with pictures. 1900. 9 Journal of Henry Berkowitzs trip to Atlantic City to the Pacific with photos. 1905. 10 Journal. 1909. 3 1 Journal of Henry and Floras trip to Paris and the Western Coast of Norway. 1912. 2 Journal of European trip. 1914. 3 Journal. 1914. 4 Unidentified Journal Pages. Series C. SERMONS, ADDRESSES, AND NOTES Scope Note: Papers are arranged alphabetically. Sermon titles are listed alphabetically in the Appendix 3 5 A, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 6 B, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 7 C, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 8 D, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 9 E, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 10 F, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 11 G, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 4 1 H, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 2 I, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 3 J, K General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 4 L, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 5 M, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 6 M, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 7 N, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 8 O, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 9 P, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 5 1 Q, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 2 R, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 3 S, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 4 T, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 5 U, V General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 6 W-Z, General. Sermons, Addresses, and Notes. 7 Sermon Notes. 8 Sermon Notes. 9 Sermon Notes. 10 Sermon Notes. 6 1 Prayers. 2 Hanukkah (Notes). 3 Jewish Chautauqua Society (Notes). 4 The New Education in Religion (Notes). Series D. NEARPRINT 6 5-7 News clippings, Pamphlets, and Articles. Series E. MISCELLANEOUS Scope Note: Papers are arranged alphabetically. 6 8 Academics. Henry Berkowitz. 9 Bibliography. 10 Certificates. 7 1 Copyright for Henry Berkowitzs books. 2 Miscellaneous. 3 Rodelph Shalom. 4 Rodelph Shalom. 25th Anniversary Scrapbook of Henry Berkowitz as Rabbi. 5 Poems/Songs. Flat File 1/1 D.D. degree from Hebrew Union College. July 5, 1887.
SUBJECT TRACINGS top
Note: The following list of subjects is a selective index to many of the topics and individuals in the CORRESPONDENCE SERIES of the HENRY BERKOWITZ PAPERS. It is selective in that it only attempts to draw attention to the more significant items in the collection. It does not attempt to list every subject or individual nor does it try to indicate all Pllaces that a listed subject or individual appears in the collection. When used in conjunction with the Box and Folder List, the Subject Tracings should help the researcher locate topics. References are to boxes and folders: e.g. 1/24 means Box 1 Folder 24.Anti-Zionism 1/2, 3, 9, 31 Berkowitz, Etta 2/1 Berkowitz, Flora 1/3, 2/2 Berkowitz, Max 2/5 Billikopf, Jacob 1/3 Blankenburg, Rudolph 1/3 Deutsch, Gotthard 1/6 Frish, Ephraim 1/8 Haggadah 1/5, 26 Hebrew Union College 1/3, 13, 33 International Relief 1/1, 3, 13 Palestine 1/23 Paris Peace Conference 1919 1/24, 27, 31 Philipson, David 1/31 Poland 1/3 Prejudice 1/6 Sabbath Observance 1/11 Stolz, Joseph 1/33 Szold, Henrietta 1/30 Warburg, Felix M. 1/31 Wolsey, Louis 1/35 Womens Rights 1/13 Zionism 1/3, 8, 15, 17, 19, 20, 23, 26, 27, 30,APPENDIX topSermons and Addresses by: Henry Berkowitz Children-How They Educate Their Parents May 18 and 26, 1912 Christmas and Hanukah n.d. Clashing of Creeds February 24, 1893 Clean Lives April 19, 1901 College Extension Work October 1898 Coming of the Messiah December 21, 1901 Common Sense Religion February 8, 1913 Conflict of Classes February 24, 1893 Conflicting Ideals n.d. Confronting the Holy Days September 29, 1894 Conscience and the Purse October 10, 1894 Contribution of Judaism to Universal Religion August 30, 1897 Critical Moments March 21, 1903 Cup of Consolation n.d. Days of Penitence October 6, 1883 Death September 15, 1880 Dedication of Greenhouse at National Farm School October 9, 1898 Deferred Salaries December 1, 1916 Democracy and Education: Our Task as Americans. January 1911 Democratic Idea in Education March 17, 1900 Discontented People April 15, 1893 Discourse on Peace Does Reform Destroy Judaism? n.d. Dowries for our Daughters n.d. Education the Largest Factor in the Awakening of a New Conscience n.d. Enchanted Realms January 23, 1897 End of the Skein December 3, 1899 Equipment for Life May 27, 1898 Eternal Vigilance n.d. Ethical Culture of Judaism February 6 and 13, 1897 Ethics of the Ministry April 13, 1912 Eulogy on the Death of President McKinley September 19, 1901 Eve of Atonement Day n.d. Everlasting Arms October 26, 1894 Evolution of the Soul After Death n.d. Face to Face December 12, 1908 Face to Face with Mystery March 16, 1912 Face to Face with Reality I September 7, 1918 Facing a New Era September 9, 1898 Factors in a Decade of Progress August 12, 1906 Fall Plantings October 18, 1902 Family Ties November 15, 1902 Festival Freedom n.d. Festival of Lights 1890 First Period of Jewish Liberation n.d. Forward Movement in Jewish Education January 1911 Foundation Stones n.d. Frank (Henry S.) Memorial Synagogue of the Jewish Hospital September 12, 1901 Friendship November 7, 1903 From a Letter of Nahida Ruth Lazurus 1898 From Darkness to Dawn November 18, 1899 Fundamental Conceptions of Jewish Ethics April 19, 1899 Gathering Honey from the Woods March 30, 1893 Gift of the Jew to Humanity n.d. Glad Tidings of Peace September 1, 1905 Glimpse of Paradise October 13, 1901 God and Goodness December 26, 1896 God Fulfills Himself in Many Ways January 27, 1918 Golden Age 1889 Great Drive to Save Jews November 14, 16, and 21, 1919 Greetings at the Opening of the Summer Assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua Society July 17, 1910 Greetings at the Fifteenth Summer Assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua Society July 9, 1911 Greetings at the Thirty-First Assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua Society December 24-28, 1922 Greetings at the Thirty-Second Assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua Society December 23, 1923 Greetings from the Philadelphia Congregations January 11, 1913 Hamlet and Job March 22, 1895 and January 5, 1902 Hanukah and Christmas December 27, 1902 Has Science Shown That There is No God? n.d. Hebrew Monarchies March 14, 21, and 28, 1890 Hebrew Union College Graduation Exercise June 17, 1901 Hero of Faith October 21, 1893 Heroic Age December 3, 1904 Hermann (Samuel L.) Funeral Obsequies February 18, 1913 History in the Making n.d. Homo Sum September 28, 1906 Hope Triumphant Over Despair September 18, 1904 How are the Might Fallen November 26, 1899 How can the Person Side of Religion be Cultivated in the Jewish Child July3, 1916 Humane Movement October 19, 1889 Hunger of the Heart November 19, 1910 Hurry and Worry January 25, 1918 I Seek My Brothers December 7, 1895 In God We Trust n.d. In Love with Life October 11, 1913 In the Dawn of History n.d. In the Halls of Memory January 9, 1897 In the Sweat Shop March 28, 1909 Is Education Morally Bankrupt? April 14, 1901 Is God Dead? September 18, 1915 Is Religion A Failure? December 25, 1909 Ideal Commonwealth December 28, 1889 Ideals of Judaism May 1895 Idols: The Tragedy of Israel n.d. Inner Sanctuary September 25, 1909 Interesting Session of the Rodeph Shalom n.d. Interrupted Life September 18, 1907 Intimate Glimpses of My Book-Friends n.d. Irreligion of You February 25, 1905 Israelites in Egypt April 5, 1895 Israel's Song April 12, 1909 Jastrow's (Reverend Dr. M.) Seventieth Birthday n.d. The Jew-A Riddle March 24, 1893 Jewish Consciousness December 20, 1902 Jewish Ideals of Women November 4, 1893 Jewish Leadership in Philanthropy March 16, 1901 Jewish Maternity Hospital May 8, 1901 Jewish New Year's Day 1895 Jewish Question February 26, 1892 Jewish Women n.d. Jews Gift to Humanity February 24, 1899 Joy of Work March 8, 1902 Joyous Feast of Booths n.d. Judaism and Ethical Culturalism November 16, 1894 Judaism and Ingersolism November 2, 1894 Judaism and Israelism March 12, 1898 Judaism and Liberal Religions November 30, 1894 Junior Congregation n.d. Kansas City, Missouri. Congregation B'nai Jehudah October 2, 1892 Legend of Pandora's Box October 18, 1890 Lesing, Gottwald Ephriam April 29, 1892 Letter and the Spirit October 9, 1905 Life and Times of Moses Maimonides December 28, 1904 Life's Mirror n.d. Lights and Shades January 16, 1897 Lily Among Thorns January 25, 1895 Little Word I April 5, 1902 Lost on the Way November 5, 1898 Magnificent Lecture n.d. Main Issue March 1888 Man of Vision and the Man of Action of the Religion of Adult Life November 28, 1914 Melting Pot n.d. Memorial Address at the 125th Anniversary of the Evacuation of the Encampment at Valley Forge June 19, 1903 Men of Light and Leading February 2, 1901 Mendelsohn (Moses) March 18, 25, 1892 Message for the President September 19, 1906 Messenger of Good-Tidings September 24, 1909 Message of Modern Minis December 2, 1892 Message of Music March 13, 1897 Message of our Martyrs March 1897 Message of the Past September 13, 1901 Mielziner (Moses) 1903 Milestones on Life's Pathway September 26, 1897 Millions for Peace Instead of War February 21, 1914 Minister and the People September 27, 1902 Ministry of Power June 15, 1901 Misplaced Confidence November 25, 1899 Mistaken Methods of Charity n.d. Misunderstandings n.d. Modern Esther's March 15, 1919 Modern Goliaths from 1871-1886 Monumental Egypt and Monumental Israel n.d. Moral Bankruptcy of Education n.d. Moral Courage September 25, 1898 Moral Issues of the War May 4, 1917 Moral Results of the War October 25, 1898 Moral and Spiritual Courage n.d. Moral Training in Public Schools May 23, 1906 Moral Training of the Young n.d. Moses and His Successors n.d. Moses and Lincoln February 11, 1911 The Mother in Israel January 6, 1900 Mourner's Kaddish January 30, 1915 Murmurings in the Wilderness January 13, 1900 Mutual Obligations of the Pulpit and the Pew n.d. Myths of Darkness n.d. National Monument Day n.d. Nation's Day of Reckoning November 30, 1905 Nature in Education June 16, 1888 Naumber (Dr. Henry) n.d. New and the Old Education December 30, 1892 New Bible July 22, 1917 New Epoch September 14, 1906 New Exodus n.d. New Forces in Religious Life n.d. New Light on an Old Truth - The Personal Purity Problem November 22, 1895 New Thought of Today September 27, 1897 New Year's Eve 5659 1899 Noblesse Oblige 1893 Nobody's Child June 11, 1899 Nobody's Children n.d. Note of Triumph April 10, 1901 Notes on the History of the Earliest German Jewish Congregation in America December, 1900 Old Age n.d. Old and the New Education n.d. Old Hebrew Monarchies n.d. Old Pictures in New Frames April 10, 1915 On Improving the Interest in Public Worship March 4, 1893 Open Gate January 2, 1897 Open Scroll October 15, 1898 Opportunity of the American Jewish Ministry July 8, 1892 Our America April 16, 1920 Our Civic Honor May 27, 1905 Our Civic Pride and Shame February 22, 1895 Our Country December 7, 1895 Our Grip on Life n.d. Our Modern Bondage ca. 1897 Our Most Difficult Problem ca. 1897 Our Mutual Aims December 1, 1906 Our Nation's Hero February 19, 1898 Our Nation's Honor March 6, 1897 Out of the Old Into the New March 21, 1908 Outcry for Peace April 20, 1907 Outlook into the New Century December 23, 1900 Parental Blessing December 31, 1898 Parker (Theodore) as an Abiding Influence May 11, 1910 Passing Show January 1, 1910 Passover April 10, 1882 Passover in the Home April 7, 1906 Passover Message March 30, 1915 Passover Sentiment 1898 Peace, Peace, When There is No Peace October 4, 1914 Peculiar People March 10, 1906 Penitent's Tear n.d. Personal Religion February 17, 1906 Personal Touch December 5, 1908 Pharaohs Who know Not Joseph April 22, 1913 Philadelphia Federation of Jewish Charities 1903 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Beth Israel Synagogue May 12, 1907 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Rodeph Shalom Congregation December 1, 1917 Phillipson, David November 2, 1913 Pittsburg Central High School September 25, 1905 Place of the School in the Congregation May 20, 1898 Plan for the Establishment of a Bureau on Pulpit Vacancies and Supplies 1916 Plea for Our Ideals June 6, 1878 Poetic Justice March 1909 Popular System of Jewish Education n.d. Power of Conscience April 8, 1905 Power of Pathos April 3, 1903; April 15; 17, 1907 Preparing for Passover April 17, 1886 Present Crisis 1907 Present Day Problem n.d. Present Opportunities April 9, 1895 Priestly Benediction May 25, 1901 Primacy of the Congregation January 14, 1907; October 25, 1908 Principles of Jewish Education n.d. Pulpit Talk n.d. Purse and the Conscience February 19, 1892 Pursuits of the Ideal September 24, 1898 Qualities of Leadership April 16, 1898 Quenching the Fires of Hate October 4, 1919 Quest of Happiness January 12; November 9, 1906 Questions of Conscience May 1922 Regeneration October 2, 1900 Reign of Superstition December 13, 1893 Religion and Morality March 26, 1898 Religion in the Home January 15, 1898 Religion of the Future December 7, 1894 Religion of the Heart October 15; October 21, 1899 Religion of the Heart March 4, 1905 Religious Elements of American Progress January 20, 1906 Repairing the Impaired January 18, 1925 Righting the Wrong September 29, 1906 Rivalry of the Races September 30, 1890; February 3, 1893 Robbing Children of their Faith 1904 Root of All Evil February 27, 1897 Rosh Hashanah September 5, 1899 Ruined Temple of Peace n.d. Sabbath n.d. Sabbath Before Rosh Hashanah September 5, 1893 Sabbath (Bereshith) German October 15, 1887 Sabbath Hachodesh April 7, 1894 Sabbath of the Jews January 9, 1898 Sacred Memories March 31, 1906 Scenes from the Life of Bar Kochba n.d. Sermon for Opening of Year Shadows of Superstition n.d. Shall the Jew Surrender? February 27, 1899 She Stood Before the King n.d. Shylock and Nathan n.d. Simple Life March 7, 1903 Sitting in Judgment September 21, 1912 Snarling, Odious Cynics April 21, 1873 So Many Joys March 7, 1908 Social Conscience September 23, 1901 Social Settlement Idea November 4, 1899 Some Lessons of an Ideal Life n.d. Sources of Inspiration for Social Work January 15, 1920 Spiritland n.d. Spirituality 1893 Story of the Jews March 29, 1890 Strong Purpose in Life March 22, 1901 Struggle Against Tyranny March 19, 1910 Struggles of a Sensitive Soul March 26, 1898 Succoth Sermons 1893 Superstition n.d. Taking Life Earnestly September 8, 1888 Thou Art the Man November 14, 1911 Trial of the Jewish Sabbath n.d. Triumphs of Religion October 3, 1908 True and False Conservatism May 5, 1893 True Grandeur of Nations n.d. Truth-the Seal of Divinity October 13, 1910 Turning Points in Life January 7, 1899 Unfilled Prophecies of the Scriptures n.d. Uses of Great Men December 16, 1889 Voice of Israel n.d. Voice of the Mother of Religions September 22, 1893 Voice of the Pulpit April 14, 1901 Waging War on Ignorance November 30, 1913 War and Religion May 4, 1917 Washington Anniversary December 9, 1899 Weighed in the Balance September 26, 1898; October 8, 1905 What Constitutes Being a Jew? November 16, 1907 When Children Ask Questions January 18, 1896 When the Golden Bowl is Broken Passover 1899 Wholesome Fear May 29, 1897 Why do People Go to Church December 24, 1892 Why Do We Pray? December 27, 1912 Why Need We Worship? n.d. Winning and Losing n.d. Wise (Dr. Isaac M.) April 3, 1889; March 11, 1899 Woman vs. Woman November 8, 1890 Women in the Synagogue n.d. Women's part in the Drama of the Life February 27, 1893 Word of Encouragement October 28, 1899 Work Accomplished by the Hebrew Union College June 28, 1908 World's Most Precious Treasure-The Penitents Tear October 11, 1891 Zangwill's 'Children of the Ghetto' October 1899top
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